5 different types of lathe machines explained with image

The following are the commonly known different types of lathe machines:

(a) Speed Lathe. These lathes may be of bench type or they may have the supporting legs cast and fitted to the bed. These lathes have most of the attachments which the other type of lathes are having but have no provision for power feed. They have no gear box, carriage and the lead screw. The tool is fed and actuated by hand. Such lathes are usually employed for wood turning.
Speed Lathe
(b) Centre lathe. Centre lathe is a type of lathe in which the entire change of spindle speed is accomplished by set of gears, which can be operated by a lever to obtain required spindle speed.
Centre lathe
(c) Gap Bed Lathe. In gap bed lathe, a section of the bed adjacent to the headstock is removable. The gap bed may be removed whenever an extra larger diameter work piece is required to be machined.
Gap Bed Lathe
(d) Turret and Capstan Lathe. These lathes are development of the engine lathe and are used for production work. In these machines the tailstock of engine lathe is replaced by a hexagonal turret, on the face of which multiple tools may be fitted and fed into the work in proper sequence. The advantage is that several different types of operations can be done on a job with minimum waste of time.
Turret and Capstan Lathe

(e) Bench Lathe. Bench lathe is a small lathe, which can be mounted on workbench for doing small light jobs.
Bench Lathe