What is Shop Floor Data Collection System?

Monitoring the progress of the jobs is an integrated part of CIM. Collection of machine  data  statistics, utilization, tracking of flow estimation  of  the  non-production  times  and  machine of materials, determination of job completion times and realization  of  schedules etc.  are necessary  to  evaluate  the efficiency  of  the functioning of the system. This requires automatic or direct data collection from the shop floor. The techniques and technologies by which the status of production is collected are called shop floor data collection. Various types of information/data to be collected from the shop floor. These are as follows: -
(a) Machine data
(b) Operator data
(c) Tooling data
(d) Data relating to jobs to be done
(e) Materials data
(f) Materials handling data
(g) Scheduling data
(h) Process planning data
(i) Inspection data
Components of Shop Floor Information System
Shop Floor Control

Shop floor control deals with managing the work-ill-process. This consists of the release of production orders to the factory controlling the progress of the orders through the various work stations, and getting the current information of the status of the orders.

This can be shown in the form of a factory information system. The input to the shop floor control system is the collection of production plans. These can be in the form of master schedule, manufacturing capacity planning and MRP data. The factory production operations are the processes to be controlled.
Factory Information System

A typical shop floor control system consists of three phases. In a computer integrated manufacturing system these phases are managed by computer software. These three phases are connected with the production management. In today's implementation of shop floor control, these are executed by a combination of computers and human resources. The following sections describe the important activities connected with this task.
Phases in Shop Floor Control
Shop Floor Data Collection Systems

There are several data collection techniques to collect data from the shop floor. These techniques require the employees to gather the data and later the data is compiled on a fully automated system that requires no human participation. These methods are identified by the term “shop floor data collection systems”.

These data collection systems consist of various paper documents, terminals, and automated devices located through the plant. The shop floor data; collection system serves as an input to the order progress module in shop floor.

Examples of the data collected include number of pieces completed at a certain work centre, direct labour expended on each order, number of parts rejected, scrapped parts, parts requiring rework and equipment downtime.

The objectives of data collection in shop floor are as follows: -

(a) To supply data to the order progress module in the shop floor control system.
(b) To provide up to date information to the production supervisors and production control personnel.
(c) To  enable  the  management  to  monitor  implementation  of  master schedule.

Types of Data Collection Systems

The shop floor data collection systems can be classified into two groups these are on-line data collection systems and off line data collection systems.

(a) On-Line Data Collection Systems.  an on-line system, the data are directly entered to the computer and are available to the order progress module. The advantage lies in the fact that the data file representing the status of the shop is always at the current state. As and when the changes in the order progress module are reported they can be fed to computer and in turn to the status file. In this way the production personnel are provided with most up-to-date information.

(b) Off-Line (Batch) Data Collection Systems. In this the data are collected temporarily in a storage device or a standalone computer system to be entered and processed by plant computer in a batch mode. In this mode there is a delay in the entry and processing of the data. The delay may vary depending upon the situation. So this system cannot provide real time information of shop floor status. The advantage of this system is that it is easier to install and implement.

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